Molave is politically subdivided into 25 barangays.
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 Geographical LocationMolave is located in the eastern part of the Province of Zamboanga del Sur. It is bounded by the municipalities of Tambulig in the east, Mahayag in the west, Josefina and Province of Zamboanga del Norte in the north and in the south. It is approximately 38 kms. from its capital and 58 kms. to Ozamis City. It is situated on longitude 123 deg 29 min 50 sec, latitude 7 deg 5 min 50 sec and is 15 meters above sea level.
 ClimateAs shown in the climatologic map of PAG-ASA, Molave is of 4th type where rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year. The area has a fairly warm temperature having an average temperature of 29.7 degrees centigrade.
Molave is divided into two topographical areas, namely: the lowland area which covers 30% of the total land area is composed of nine (9) barangays and is situated in the east and southwest portion is generally flat, swampy and marshy; while the upland portion which covers 70% of the total land area is hilly and mostly deforested. The terrain and slope pattern is moderately sloping to rolling with 2 slope variations from 10% in the lowland to 27% in the mountainous areas.
There are two types of soil found within the municipality. In the lowland areas and part of the upper barangays, the type of soil is San Miguel Silt Loam. Adtoyon Clay Loam is found in the upland areas. San Miguel Silt Loam is best suited for cultivation and requires only simple and good farm management practice. The other kind of soil which is the Adtoyon Clay Loam can be used for grazing and diversified crops like corn, cassava, camote, etc.
 Historical BackgroundNestled at the foot of a verdant hill and bounded by Salug Diut River and mountain ranges that makes it free from typhoons, is the municipality of Molave which has been the hub of commerce and center of trade in the eastern part of Zamboanga del Sur particularly the Salug Valley area. Its name was taken after a hardwood, the Molave tree that abounds in the place during its early days. Its creation started in the early thirties as a small patch of settlement in a marshy jungle that was originally known as Salug. The fertile land in the Salug Valley attracted more settlers from distant places of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao which made it a conglomeration of Cebuano, Boholano, Ilongo, Tagalog, Ilocano, Leyteño, Misamisnon, Surigaonon and other different Muslim and ethnic groups. However, the Subanens were known to be the early settlers of this place.
The continuous influx of people from different places made possible the rapid development of this small start-up settlement. Then by June 16, 1948, Molave was created into a municipality by virtue of Republic Act No. 286 authored by the late Cong. Juan S. Alano from its mother town Aurora.
The late Pelagio Blancia was the first mayor by appointment. He was defeated in the 1951 local elections and the newly elected Mayor Javier Ariosa transferred the seat of government from Camp 7 (now Barangay Blancia) to its present site.
 EconomyOur municipality is the hub of commerce and trade in what is known as the Salug Valley. Six municipalities converge here in Molave to do business; even the neighboring provinces and cities come to Molave. We shall exploit this favored position to the hilt, which shall spell greater progress for our municipality and the Salug area in general.
Under my administration, I have adopted an open business policy. New investments are welcomed without any bias or any personal considerations. For year 2002, out total income increased by 25% compared to the 2001 actual income or an increase of P 9.9 million. The total income was P 49,483,254 million, this exceeded our targeted income by more than P 1.1 million. Our net income reached P 7.3 million.
Specifically, properly taxes amounted to P 768,898.70 while taxes on goods and services totaled reached P 43 million. Among our economic enterprises, our public market generated the highest income of P 3 million, followed by the water system with P 1.4 million and then the slaughterhouse having P 366,841.50. We had appropriated for P 50,611,237.50 but only P 47,417,744.80 was actually used or a savings of P 3,193,492.70 at the end of the year 2002. Our total assets which amounted to P 51.9 million increased by 10% compared to last year. Our total liabilities amounted to P 12.3 million.
When the local government unit earns revenues from taxes and its public economic enterprises, this shall mean more, bigger and better projects and programs for the people.
Within 27 months in office, this administration was able to implement numerous programs and projects in infrastructure and socio-economic development with the support of higher officials and offices, the heads and employees of our local and national offices and you Molavenians. (Office of the Municipal Mayor)
 AgricultureThe municipality is basically an agricultural community where 91.85% of the total land area is devoted to agriculture. 1,378.50 hectares of fertile land is fully irrigated and planted with rice. Other agricultural crops are corn, coconut, cassava, banana, camote and various kinds of vegetables are produced within the locality and marketed to neighboring towns and cities and even reaching to Cebu. There are 23 farmer cooperatives within the municipality of which 19 are registered and 4 are not registered with a total of 7,566 farmer members.However, commerce and industry activity of the municipality is fast developing due to its strategic location thus making it as the hub of commerce and trade of the Salug Valley area. Various large commercial and industrial establishments are sprouting within the poblacion area attracting more investors to engage business within the municipality.
 HealthThe municipality has 10 existing Barangay Health Stations, 1 lying-in (Maternity) clinic, 26 Health and Nutrition Posts and a Municipal Health Center, staffed by 1 rural health physician, 1 dentist, 1 sanitary inspector, 3 nurses and 11 midwives. Further, it has 3 private hospitals, 5 private clinics and 10 pharmacies.
 Sports and RecreationSporting facilities include municipal gymnasium, 3 tennis courts, 4 basketball courts, 3 volleyball courts and a sports complex facility of the Molave Regional Pilot School. Providing recreation are the municipal plaza with its playground paraphernalia, and a landscaped tourism spot. A pylon stands at the heart of the plaza to serve as a landmark.
 Peace and OrderThe Molave Municipal Police station has two (2) PCOs and twenty four (24) PNCOs serving the populace. This station has two (2) outposts/detachments situated at barangay Dipolo and Sudlon. Molave is generally peaceful with a crime efficiency rate of 95% and 160 crime incidents reported as of 2007, a decrease of 5% or 8 crime incidents compared to 2006’s or last year’s one hundred sixty eight (168) crime incidents. The presence of the 10th Infantry Battalion of the 1st Infantry Division stationed at Barangay Bag-ong Argao and the 906th Provincial Mobile Group had help much in keeping its peaceful environment for the whole municipality and of Salug Valley area.
 EducationAs center of education and culture, there are four (4) private pre-schools; twenty three (23) public and 1 private elementary school; six (6) primary schools; five secondary schools and 2 (1 private and 1 public) tertiary schools. To meet the growing needs of young Molavenians for quality basic education, the LGU shouldered an equity of P600,000.00 for a six room 2-storey TEEP building for MRPS. At MVTS another six room 2-storey SEDIP building and a two room science laboratory have been built for P6.8M with the 10% equity put up by the joint efforts of the LGU and the PTCA whose president happens to be Mayor Saniel.
This linkage dates back to a time long before MVTS principal Dr. Linda M. Saniel assumed the leadership of MVTS.
All barangay Elementary and Secondary Schools have also been recipient of TEEP/SEDIP rehab or construction funds.
- Blancia Carreon College Foundation, Inc. 
- - External Studies Unit, Molave
- Blancia Carreon College Foundation, Inc. ( Department)
- Molave Vocational Technical School (MVTS)
- Sacred Heart High School
- Parasan National High School
- Simata National High School